Mental capacity is assessed according to the ability of a person to make a specific decision at the time the decision needs to be made. A Mental Capacity Assessment (MCA) should be carried out when a person's capacity is in doubt and he has to make a particular decision.
Disorders affecting mental incapacity
- Neurological disorders, e.g. stroke, tumour, head injury, dementia, infection
- Mental disorders, e.g. depression, schizophrenia, mania
- Intellectual disabilities
Mental capacity is assessed not only by the ability to retain information relevant to a decision, but also make a